The Life of Daniel Torotich Arap Moi and the cause of his death: Moi dies at 95

President Uhuru Kenyatta declared Tuesday, Nairobi, KenyaFormer Kenyan President Daniel Arap Moi, who ruled the country for 24 years has died.
He ordered a period of national mourning and all the flags to fly half-mast until a later date for a state funeral was held.

The former president died in hospital Tuesday morning early hours surrounded by his family, Kenyatta said.
He was treated for breathing problems in October but was released a few weeks later.
Daniel Arap Moi was the second president of Kenya after independence, and from 1978 to 2002 he controlled the East African Republic.
Born in Baringo County on September 2, 1924, Moi became the oldest living former president of Kenya, and his wily grasp of power earned him the nickname of Kenyan "Professor of Politics."
His 24 years in power saw one party rule through the Kenyan African National Union, the party he controlled, and eventually the re-establishmentof democracy and multiparty politics, resulting in his victory in the presidential elections of 1992.
Moi became a teacher when he was taught at missionary and government schools, as Kenya progressed towards independence from British rule.
He later became home affairs minister and President Jomo Kenyatta elected him vice president in 1967.

After the death of Kenyatta in 1978, Moi became the new leader of Kenya, heralding an era of autocratic and sometimes dictatorial rule.
He toured the country and got in touch with ordinary people, thus increasing his popularity. Four years after coming to power, some leaders of the air force attempted a coup which Moi succeeded in crushing. His response was to send out armed forces and police to quash the revolt.
As a result, Moi's reign became more hardnosed — he expelled political opponents and reduced the power of cabinet men from his predecessor Kenyatta. He offered pardons to all but the key conspirators — whom he sentenced to hang.
He went further to change the constitution and made his KANU party the only political entity legally permitted, triggering the wrath of many Kenyans seeking for democracy.
Then the Moi government started to make better use of the secret police, which targeted opposition groups agitating for democratic reform.
Pressure from Western supporters pushed Moi back on the democratic road in 1990 and he was persuaded to allow opposition parties to take to the ballot before the 1992 general elections, the first multi-party elections in Kenya that Moi won despite his party's charges of election fraud.
Writers, artists trade unionists and even preachers agitating for a more diverse political atmosphere challenged Moi's hard-line stance on dissent and the rule of the one party.
One was the 66-year-old Reverend Timothy Njoya, now a former East African pastor of the Presbyterian Church, who earned a PhD in Philosophy from Princeton University.
As Moi's one-party state became entrenched, Njoya was among those who chose to speak out against it, using his pulpit to urge civil disobedience to force the government to change the constitution, even to demonstrate in the streets.
Talking to CNN, Njoya recalled: "I've been arrested so many times, one time in Nyeri, the other in Naivasha, another time in Moro Rift Valley, and another time in Nairobi.
It was a violent time, in diverse protests, full of overbearing state security operatives and street deaths. And it paid a heavy price for people like Njoya. Next, at Moi's request in 1997, he was defrocked, and lost his shirt. Then, he also almost lost his life.
"I was nearly killed in All Saints Cathedral. They left me for dead and I was taken to the mortuary until a doctor decided that I should be taken to the Nairobi Hospital Intensive Care Unit. I had a broken skull that was one centimeter from hitting the brain. I had a broken wrist. I broke all four fingers on one side. I had to go to Canada for treatment.
Two years later Njoya says Moi has once again sent his henchmen after him.
"That time they left me for dead again. They used' pangas,' you know those long knives. I lost three of my fingers, but the doctors sewn them back. But, coming out of the hospital, I went back to the streets because I couldn't deceive the people."
By now Moi's Kenya was firmly on the geopolitical map, especially after jihadist terrorists blew up the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi and when Bill Clinton was in the White House the West tried to co-opt him in the fight against terrorism.

As a statesman, Moi had broad impact in cementing East African countries such as Uganda, Tanzania into a cohesive network of trade. Total efforts for East African cooperation began on 14 March 1996, and the independent East African Community was established in July 1999.
He also rallied to the cause of anti-apartheid in South Africa and sent Kenyan soldiers to Zimbabwe as peacekeepers in pre-ind├ępendance
Moi was active in securing stability in Chad while he was the president of the Organization for African Unity. In Sudan, Moi chaired the talks that led to a referendum that ended South Sudan's three-decade war and created a new country on July 9th, 2011.
Moi had a massive impact in shaping Kenya's politics and policy institutions with 24 years at the helm of Kenya's government. It can be said that the elder statesman named subsequent presidents, Kibaki and Kenyatta.
He named his vice president to Kibaki and paved the way for him to lead Kenya later on. Then he plucked from relative a largely unknown and untested Uhuru Kenyatta
Moi's legacy as a former teacher also included a large expansion of higher education. The university sector expanded during the Moi period starting with the opening of Kenya's second university in Eldoret, a town in the north.
A cluster of new universities was soon opening up including private Methodist-run educational institutions. There are more than 60 universities and the public in Kenya today.
The life of Daniel Arap Moi touched many Kenyans over a mixed and divisive 24-year period-the longest reign of any leader in this East African powerhouse.
"Even if we had fought and died for multi-party democracy, he was the one who proclaimed it. We were the ones who wanted a new constitution and he was the one who announced it. Admission to a mistake is the greatest thing in humanity.

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